Artists from an european movement. With the works of Lucio Fontana and Yves Klein the show presents those artist-personalities who dedicated themselves to monochrome designs, which bear metaphysical aspects. Pol Bury, Enrico Castellani and Jean Tinguely, but also Francois Morellet, Jan Schoonhoven, Victor Vasarely and others go beyond the classical painting.
Zero. artists from a european movement. lenz schonberg collection 1956-2006
The late 1950s and 60s were characterised by a spirit of change. In Dusseldorf in 1957 young artists, who one year later would emerge under the name ZERO, held ‘evening exhibitions’ in the studio of Otto Piene. They all had a predilection for monochrome, for serial pieces, for halftone works and kinetic art. Similar artistic directions appeared in other European countries bringing about mutual artistic impulses.
The artists of the ZERO group are prominently represented in the Lenz Schonberg Collection which is the private collection of this artistic movement most renowned world-wide. In the middle of the 1960s, Gerhard Lenz began to gather works of the ZERO artists into a collection, and he has continued to expand it to this day. With well over 500 works, it currently includes over 50 artists from 14 East and West European countries. The works are referred to internationally with terms such as “monochrome painting", “Nouveau Re'alisme", “ZERO", “Null", “concrete art", “Nouvelles Tendences", “Groupe de recherche d’art visuel" and “kinetic art".
On one hand the exhibition is dedicated to those artists whose interest is oriented towards the monochrome possibilities of expression. With the works of Lucio Fontana, Yves Klein (one of the most important reference-figures in the young ZERO movement) and other artists the exhibition presents those artist-personalities who dedicated themselves to monochrome designs, which bear metaphysical aspects.
Pol Bury, Enrico Castellani and Jean Tinguely, but also Francois Morellet, Jan Schoonhoven, Victor Vasarely and others go beyond the classical painting: “I use mechanical means, in order to overcome the subjective gesture, in order to objectify, to create a situation of liberty." (Gunther Uecker, 1961)
Larger presentation spaces on the other hand are dedicated to Gunther Uecker, Gotthard Graubner and Roman Opalka in accordance with their position in the collection.
“Art is no luxury, art is a life feeling, concentration, challenge." (Gerhard Lenz)
Shirin Neshat, born in Qazvin/Iran in 1957, is one of today’s most outstanding artists. In the 1990s she achieved international recognition with her dark and visually gripping photografic series “Women of Allah". Since then, she has shifted her focus to the moving and more complex medium of film. With her most recent films, Shirin Neshat comes closer to the realm of feature films and continues the mythological aspects which were already discernible in her work “Tooba" (2002).
After Sharnush Parsipur’s provocative and allegorical novel “Women without Men" on the life in today’s Iran, Neshat developed a fivepart feature film which traces the lives of five women who, after taking a path that is difficult and full of privation, find themselves again in a garden, a transitory paradise.
The exhibition presents the first two parts of this feature film - the multiple screen projection “Mahdokht" (2004) and the single screen projection “Zarin" (2005) - which with the screening of Rapture from 1999 underlines the development of Neshat’s films.
Parallelly the exhibition shows a selection of large-sized black and white photographs from her cycles “Women of Allah" (1993-97) and “Unveiling" (1993), Neshat’s early photographs, which discuss contrasts and dichotomies in colour, form, gender, and space through a captivating minimalism and images loaded with symbols.
Shirin Neshat lives and works in New York since 1979.
“shirin neshat" is an exhibition from the Nationalgalerie am Hamburger Bahnhof, Berlin. It was conceived and realised by Britta Schmitz and Beatrice E. Stammer and sponsored with funds from the Hauptstadtkulturfond.
Steidl Verlag, Gottingen, has published a fully illustrated catalogue on the exhibition.
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Museum der Moderne Salzburg Rupertinum
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