and his surrealist friends. Curated by Arturo Schwarz
Curator: Arturo Schwarz
La FundaciÃ³n presenta en exclusiva para EspaÃ±a esta exposiciÃ³n de producciÃ³n propia acerca de uno de los movimientos de la The Foundation hosts the first-ever showing in Spain of this exhibition, produced by the Foundation itself, on one of the historically most influential avant-garde movements in the History of Art. The exhibition includes 90 works and has its core in the oeuvre of Max Ernst, an indispensable figure in the birth and subsequent development of the European surrealist movement, from the publication of the Surrealist Manifesto in 1924 through to the 1960s. Works by other leading artists who accompanied him in the surrealist adventure, such as AndrÃ© Masson, RenÃ© Magritte, Victor Brauner, Giorgio de Chirico, Marcel Duchamp, JoÃ¡n MirÃ³, Francis Picabia, Ã“scar DomÃnguez, Alberto Sabino and Yves Tanguy, add their personal vision to this solid core. The exhibition, which is divided into four sections - ''Precursors'', ''Max Ernst'', ''Surrealism'' and ''Graphic Work'' - provides us with an illustrative review of the poetics of Surrealism taken as a philosophy of life, and is rounded off with a carefully chosen selection of exquisite corpses and chain drawings, free associations of collective ideas that produce an unexpected result, signed by all of their creators and seldom shown before.
The Foundation is publishing a catalogue to accompany the exhibition, and a series of complementary activities, such as guided visits for adults and educational workshops for schools and summer camps, will be organised during the period the exhibition is open.
ARTISTS WHOSE WORKS ARE INCLUDED IN THE EXHIBITION
ARCIMBOLDI Giuseppe (school of)
GOYA Francisco JosÃ© (y Lucientes)
PARMIGIANINO (Girolamo Francesco Maria Mazzola)
PIRANESI Giovanni Battista
DE CHIRICO Giorgio
* Max Ernst
ARP, Jean (Hans)
DALÃ Salvador Ponce De LeÃµn y Cabello Alfonso
MALLO GONZALES Maruja
MATTA Roberto Sebastian Echaurren
# Graphic Work
- Exquisite corpse. AndrÃ© Breton, Suzanne Muzard, Robert Desnos, Georges Sadoul
- Exquisite corpse. AndrÃ© Masson, Yves Tanguy et al.
- Exquisite corpse. Megret, Suzanne Muzard, Georges Sadoul
- Exquisite corpse. Paul NougÃ©, RenÃ© Magritte
- Exquisite corpse. Pierre Unik, AndrÃ© Breton, Louis Aragon, Simone Collinet
- Exquisite corpse. Valentine Hugo, AndrÃ© Breton
- Chain drawings. Adolphe Acker, George Mouton, Benjamin PÃ©ret, Remedios Varo, Flora Acker
- Chain drawings. ThÃ©rese Caen, Anon., Benjamin PÃ©ret
The idea behind this exhibition springs from the wish to emphasise the close links that bound the artists of the surrealist movement together in a shared vision and purpose that for several of them was to last for the rest of their lives.
Relations between the members of the group of surrealists were so close and friendly that they all kept each others' company. If the artists included in this exhibition rank among the greatest creators of the past century it is precisely because they had a commitment to, and direct experience of, our common tragedy, and each of them was able to express it in his or her own way. This fact demolishes the commonly-held myth of there being such a thing as a surrealist ''style'', frequently identified with that of Salvador DalÃ, who in fact was only associated with the surrealist movement for a very short time.
There is nothing similar - in the sphere of imaginary scenes and pictorial writing - between the work of MirÃ³ and Max Ernst, of Brauner and Tanguy, of Arp and Matta, of Duchamp and Breton, of Delvaux and Magritte, of Meret Oppenheim and Lam, of Man Ray and Masson or Picabia. They have nothing in common for a simple reason: each of these artists expressed their own inner world, a world that is always uniquely individual, and therefore unrepeatable.
Surrealism was never a new school of literature or of art, and not even a new political movement. Surrealism is another philosophy of life which took as its motto the words carved on the pediment of the Temple of Apollo at Delphi: gnothi seaton, or ''know thyself''. In reality, the ambition of a surrealist is to change the world and life itself, but he or she understands that in order to achieve this it is first of all necessary to understand oneself. One cannot attempt to transform the world and life without previously having transformed oneself, and this implies knowing oneself, exploring one's own subconscious, which is nine-tenths of our nature.
Image: Max Ernst. ''White pigeon'', 1925 Oil on canvas
ORGANISATION: Produced by the Pedro BarriÃ© de la Maza Foundation
The FundaciÃ³n Pedro BarriÃ© de la Maza is a private foundation devoted to promoting the development of Galicia from a global perspective. With headquarters in Spain, all its projects and programs have Galician roots and international outreach. The FundaciÃ³n is active in the following areas of education, research, culture and social work.
Further information may be obtained from Suzana Mihalic.
Pedro Barrie' de la Maza Foundation, CantÃ³n Grande 9, A CoruÃ±a
Exhibition opening times:
Tuesday to Friday: 17.30h - 20.30h / Weekends and public holidays: 12h - 14h and 17.30h - 20.30h